Why its a God particle: The Standard Model is to physics what the theory of evolution is to biology. Now the Higgs boson so called GOD Particle is the very base of this Standard Model theory. May its the importance of Higgs boson the scientists have namded it God Partricle. It describes 12 fundamental particles, governed by four basic forces. The other 11 particles predicted by the model have been found and finding the Higgs would validate the model.
Why is the Higgs so important: One of the great challenges of particle physics is to explain why the elementary particles of matter have the properties they do – in particular why different particles have different masses. According to the Standard Model, particles acquire mass as a result of their interaction with a certain type of quantum field, named the Higgs field. The Higgs field is a theoretical and invisible energy field that pervades the whole cosmos. Some particles, like the photons that make up light, are not affected by it and therefore have no mass. Others find it drags on them as porridge drags on a spoon.
WHAT IS THE LARGE HADRON COLLIDE: The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s biggest and most powerful particle accelerator, a 27-km (17-mile) looped pipe that sits in a tunnel 100 metres underground on the Swiss/French border. It cost 3 billion euros to build. Two beams of protons are fired in opposite directions around it before smashing into each other to create many millions of particle collisions every second in a recreation of the conditions a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, when the Higgs field is believed to have ‘switched on’.
The vast amount of data produced is examined by banks of computers. Of all the trillions of collisions, very few are just right for revealing the Higgs particle. That makes the hunt for the Higgs slow, and progress incremental.